Farnese family

Farnese family
   Farnese ancestry can be traced back to the 12th century in Rome. It was not until the reign of Alexander VI (1492-1503) that the family achieved considerable prestige thanks to the amorous liaison between the pope and Giulia Farnese. In 1534, their fortune increased when one of their own ascended the papal throne as Pope Paul III who appointed his son Pierluigi the Duke of Parma, Piacenza, and Castro (1545), the first two regions ruled by the Farnese until 1731 and the last until 1649. The family's political hegemony was strengthened further when, in 1538, Ottavio Farnese, Pierluigi's son, married Margaret of Parma, the illegitimate daughter of Emperor Charles V. The Farnese are closely tied to the history of Renaissance and Baroque art. Titian, El Greco, Annibale and Agostino Carracci, Domenichino, Francesco Mochi, and
   Bartolomeo Schedoni are all linked to the history of their patronage.
   See also Urban VIII.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Farnese family — Italian family that ruled the duchy of Parma and Piacenza from 1545 to 1731. The family became noted for its statesmen and soldiers, especially in the 14th–15th century, as well as by contracting politically useful marriages. In 1545 Pope Paul… …   Universalium

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  • Farnese, Palazzo — ▪ building, Rome, Italy       Rome, important example of High Renaissance architecture designed by Antonio da Sangallo and built between 1517 and 1589. In 1546, when Sangallo died, leaving the building of the palace unfinished, Michelangelo was… …   Universalium

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